The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth, Bombyx mori It is an . The experience provides children with the opportunity to witness the life cycle of silkworms. The practice of raising silkworms by children as pets has. The silkworm is actually the larvae, or caterpillar stage, in the life cycle of the silkworm moth. If allowed to develop from pupa, and not destroyed at this stage in the cycle so that silk can be created, the caterpillar will develop into a creamy white moth patterned in brownscientifically named Bombyx mori. A. Eggs: Female eggs lays fertilized eggs in cluster on the upper surface of mulberry leaves. The egg hatch into the larva after ten days. B. Larva.


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Well grown caterpillar is forms after 30 days. It is about 7. It is voracious feeder. It feeds continuously till six days. After six days, it stops feeding and becomes inactive.

Bombyx mori - Wikipedia

The inactive caterpillar starts secreting a silk fibre through the mouth. Silk fibre is secreted by two pairs of silk glands. Proteinous material is secreted by one pair of gland called fibroin and gummy substance is secreted by other pair of gland is called sericine.

life history of silkmoth

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The silk fibre becomes hard on contact with air. Domestication[ edit ] The domesticated form, compared to the wild form, has increased cocoon size, body size, growth rate, and efficiency of its digestion.

It has gained tolerance to human presence and handling, and also to living in crowded conditions. The domesticated moth cannot fly, so it needs human assistance in finding a mate, and it lacks fear of potential predators.

The native color pigments are also lost, so the domesticated moths are leucistic since camouflage isn't useful when they only live in captivity. life history of silkmoth

Life Cycle of a Silkworm

These changes have made the domesticated strains entirely dependent upon humans for survival. Silkworms and mulberry leaves placed on trays Liang Kai 's Sericulture c.


The silkworm is one of the few organisms wherein the principles of genetics and breeding were applied to harvest maximum output[ citation needed ]. It is second only to maize in exploiting the principles of heterosis and cross breeding. The major objectives are improving fecundity the egg-laying capacity of a breedthe health of life history of silkmoth, quantity of cocoon and silk production, and disease resistance.

Healthy larvae lead to a healthy cocoon crop. Health is dependent on factors such as better pupation rate, fewer dead larvae in life history of silkmoth mountage, [22] shorter larval duration shorter larval duration lessens the chance of infection and bluish-tinged fifth-instar larvae which are healthier than the reddish-brown ones.

Explain the life history of Silkmoth. - Lifeeasy Biology: Questions and Answers

Quantity of cocoon and silk produced are directly related to the pupation rate and larval weight. Healthier larvae have greater pupation rates and cocoon weights.

Quality of cocoon and silk depends on a number of factors including genetics.

Hobby raising and school projects[ edit ] In the US, teachers may sometimes introduce the insect life cycle to their students life history of silkmoth raising silkworms in the classroom as a science project. Students have a chance to observe complete life cycles of insect from egg stage to larvae, pupa, moth.

Life Cycle of a Silkworm | Sciencing

The silkworm has been raised as a hobby in countries such as China, South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Iran. Children often pass on the eggs, creating a non-commercial population. The experience provides children with the opportunity to witness the life cycle of silkworms.


The practice of raising silkworms by children as pets has, in non-silk farming South Africa, led to the development of extremely hardy landraces of silkworms, because they are invariably subjected to hardships not encountered by commercially farmed members of the species.

Genome[ edit life history of silkmoth The full genome of the silkworm was published in by the International Silkworm Genome Consortium. High genetic variability has been found in domestic lines of silkworms, though this is less than that among wild silkmoths about 83 percent of wild genetic variation.


This suggests a single event of domestication, and that it happened over a short period of time, with a large number of wild worms having been collected for domestication.

Research also has yet to identify the area in China where domestication arose. In Assamthey are boiled for extracting silk and the boiled pupae are eaten directly with salt or fried with chilli life history of silkmoth or herbs as a snack or dish.

Life history of silkmoth China, street vendors sell roasted silkworm pupae.

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