Abstract. ESGUERRA MUELLE, Camila. Displacement and Borderland: An Oblique View from the Decolonial Feminism to the Scheme Migration, Heterosexual. (Poscolonialidad y Feminismo) International Conference: Decolonizing Epistemologies, Methodologies and Ethics: Postcolonial-Feminist. desde los margenes / Theories and Practices from the Margins (Feminismos Feminismos y poscolonialidad: descolonizando el feminismo desde y en Am.


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Nonetheless, other feminists interpreted these experiences feminismos y poscolonialidad political involvement based on a difficult economic situation as a possibility to overcome the isolation of the domestic sphere, and at the same time, create a space where they could construct their own agenda and open the possibility to develop a process of reflection about gender roles and their rights Vargas Many of these groups and organizations did not accept and even refused to call or identify themselves as feminist.

When they finally adopted the label, it was through a feminismos y poscolonialidad negotiation process with other actors and women's groups that allowed them to interpret and adapt the ideas of feminism for their agendas. Indeed, the construction of popular feminism as a political category was created amidst tension, interactions, and negotiations with other women's groups, women in political parties and feminist groups, and even the church Drogus and Stweart-Gambino This interaction allows one to understand the construction of popular feminism as a socio-political process, often fraught with divisive discrepancies: The presence of popular feminism in the regional and international spheres During the period from tothe plurality of backgrounds, perspectives, and representations within feminism exposed the multiplicity of identities and diverse array of rationalities which questioned the idea that gender was the only category marking women's subordination.

feminismos y poscolonialidad In this encounter, issues of classism, racism, and sexism were topics of discussion and created a space for reflection on the distinct oppression women from less privileged classes experienced Vargas During the third feminist encounter in Bertioga, Brazil inwomen of popular sectors asserted it would be better to recognize that there were feminisms, in plural, instead of only one feminism Restrepo and Bustamente This was a precedent for the fourth encounter in Mexico inwhere a broader discussion about the general plurality of feminism and the particular status of popular feminism.

La Regional de Mujeres from Mexico and other organizations recognized themselves as a popular movement just as much as feminist which opposed feminismos y poscolonialidad perspectives suggesting they undermined the radicality and identity of the feminist movement Espinosa This situation opened up debates about the issue of who could define oneself as feminist and who could decide if the others were feminismos y poscolonialidad.


Although these tensions existed, the common consensus prevailed and all attendees claimed they were feminists Restrepo and Bustamente Popular feminism was also a topic present in the feminismos y poscolonialidad works for attending the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing in also known as the Beijing process.

Thus, the regional preparatory meetings held in Mar del Plata in September served as a space to differences.

The majority of the documents produced emphasized the plural, multicultural, and pluri-ethnic character of Latin-American and Caribbean societies and women's movements. In this respect, as the president of the Coordinadora Metropolitana del Programa de Vaso de Leche in Lima established: Yes, we are feminists today, but we are feminists of a new world In this view, popular feminism's presence in the Beijing process provided a possibility for women living in poverty conditions to bring feminismos y poscolonialidad demands to an international level, in a scenario where international agencies and NGOs played an important role in drafting documents during the Beijing summit.

In that regard, although the NGO approach favored working with the feminismos y poscolonialidad to reduce gender gaps, critics within contemporary Latin-American women's movements noted that women were sometimes framed as clients feminismos y poscolonialidad than political agents.


This proposed a different ontological approach about women's agency which, from the perspective of certain popular feminist groups, favored de-politization and reduced mobilizational activities Alvarez This new distinction appeared to signal this division, which intensified when Feminist NGOs gained an important position during the Latin-American Beijing process; new contrasting terms began to emerge, such as "bureaucratic-institutional movement" versus "independent feminists" or the women's movement el movimiento de mujeres versus the movement of women's projects el movimiento de proyectos de mujeres.

In addition, the participation of NGOs financed by the United States USAID was regarded suspiciously among certain groups, which feminismos y poscolonialidad the possibility of manipulation by external interests Alvarez Outlook Some scholars have stated that impoverished women's political participation constituted an irruption in the spaces of mid-class and white feminism and proposed from their personal feminismos y poscolonialidad and practices an analysis of the economic exploitation which is based in women's unpaid labor Vargas In this sense, it could be argued that the research produced on the oppression of poor women did not take into consideration their contributions to feminism and the perspective they constructed from their social position Arango and Puyana Through ethnographical research in community, state, and international justice, she reflects on the possibilities and limitations of customary, national, and international law for indigenous women.


Only a social policy that offers economic alternatives based on distribution of wealth and a real recognition of cultural and political rights of indigenous peoples can counter the damage of outside forces such as drug cartels on indigenous lands.

From research design to data feminismos y poscolonialidad, from data analysis to communicating findings, research practices and procedures are implicated in the reproduction and reinforcement of asymmetrical relations of power between the 'subjects' and 'objects' of feminismos y poscolonialidad production.

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