This core belief is the foundation of human motivation, performance accomplishments, and emotional well‐being (Bandura, , ). Among the mechanisms of human agency, none is more central or pervasive than people's beliefs in their efficacv to influence events that affect their lives. Keywords Islam Item Response Theory Java Personal Balanced Score card Psikologi Integral analisis sentimen conflict management style cultural differences.


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Research shows that the optimum level of self-efficacy is slightly above ability; in this situation, people are most encouraged to tackle challenging tasks and gain experience. In general, people with high self-efficacy are more likely to make efforts to complete a efikasi diri bandura, and to persist longer in those efforts, than those with low self-efficacy.


A negative effect of low self-efficacy is that it can lead to a state of learned helplessness. Learned helplessness was studied by Martin Seligman through a shocking experiment involving animals. Through the experiment, it was discovered that the efikasi diri bandura placed in a cage where they could escape shocks by moving to a different part of the cage did not attempt to move because they had formerly been placed in a cage in which escape from the shocks was efikasi diri bandura possible.

Low self-efficacy can lead to this state in which it is believed that no amount of effort will make a difference in the success of the task at hand.

Self-efficacy - Wikipedia

Efikasi diri bandura, self-efficacy is positively and strongly related to work-related performance. For more complex tasks, the relationships between self-efficacy and work performance is weaker than for easier work-related tasks.

The meta-analytic findings of Stajkovic and Luthens changed the focus on whether self-efficacy is related to performance, and focused the field on more specific questions, such as the nature and underlying mechanisms responsible efikasi diri bandura producing the positive effect of self-efficacy on performance.


Low self-efficacy can lead people to believe tasks to be harder than they actually are. This often results in poor task planning, as well as increased stress. People become erratic and unpredictable when efikasi diri bandura in a task in which they have low self-efficacy.

People with high self-efficacy tend to take a wider view of a task in order to determine the best plan.


Obstacles often stimulate people with high self-efficacy to greater efforts, where someone with low self-efficacy will tend toward discouragement and giving up. A person with high self-efficacy will efikasi diri bandura failure to external factors, where a person with low self-efficacy will blame low ability.

ALBERT BANDURA Self Efficacy | Psychologist | Social Psychology | Stanford University | California

For example, someone with high self-efficacy in regards to mathematics may attribute a poor test grade to a harder-than-usual test, illness, lack of effort, or insufficient preparation. A person with a low self-efficacy will attribute the result to poor mathematical ability.

Health behaviors[ edit ] Choices affecting health, such as smokingphysical exercisedieting, condom use, dental hygiene, seat belt use, and breast self-examination, are dependent on self-efficacy.

Self-efficacy influences how efikasi diri bandura people set their efikasi diri bandura goals e. A number of studies on the adoption of health practices have measured self-efficacy to assess its potential to initiate behavior change.

Efikasi diri bandura engagement in healthy behaviors, result in positive patient health outcomes such as improved quality of life. Relationship to locus of control[ edit ] Further information: Locus of control Bandura showed that difference in self-efficacy correlates to fundamentally different world views.

For example, a student with high self-efficacy who efikasi diri bandura poorly on an exam will likely attribute the failure to the efikasi diri bandura that they did not study enough. However, a student with low self-efficacy who does poorly on an exam is likely to believe the cause of that failure was due to the test being too difficult or challenging, which the student does not control.


Factors affecting self-efficacy[ edit ] Bandura identifies four factors affecting self-efficacy. Experience, or "enactive attainment" — The experience efikasi diri bandura mastery is the efikasi diri bandura important factor determining a person's self-efficacy.

Success raises self-efficacy, while failure lowers it. According to psychologist Erik Erikson: They may have to accept artificial bolstering of their self-esteem in lieu of something better, but what I call their accruing ego identity gains real strength only from wholehearted and consistent recognition of real accomplishment, that is, achievement that has meaning in their culture.

When we see someone succeeding, our own self-efficacy increases; where we see people failing, our self-efficacy decreases.

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